Tuesday, October 26, 2010

Trends in relative cost of electricity production by renewable energy option


Monty Bannerman

ArcStar Energy



US States solar report card by ranking

Ontario's Crusade to Cut Coal | EnergyBiz

FW: Solar Power Plant in Bangladesh

A sojourn to Dhaka, anyone? You too can be a proud Bangladeshi Canadian.


From: Radiant [mailto:contactrad@optimaxbd.net]
Sent: Tuesday, October 26, 2010 5:53 AM
To: mbannerman@arcstarenergy.com
Subject: Solar Power Plant in Bangladesh



October 26, 2010


To        :           ArcStar Energy


From   :           Radiant, Dhaka, Bangladesh.


Attn          :               Export/ Sales Department


Sub     :         Solar Power Plant in Bangladesh.


Dear Sir,


We are contacting you from Radiant Corporation, Bangladesh. We have come across your prestigious institution while looking for a Canadian partner in Solar Power Projects in Bangladesh. It may be mentioned that Radiant Corporation has been successfully working in the energy sector in Bangladesh for the past two decades with its international partners. Besides the Energy sector we are profoundly involved in the Defense market – from minor spare parts projects to Aircrafts and War Ship projects with complete command and control systems.


Bangladesh has been going through a major power crisis for the last 5 years while the demand has been increasing rapidly. Present industries are growing and Textile industry goes through massive expansions every year. The major sources of power generation in Bangladesh are natural gas. Although the country possesses a huge stock of coal, natural gas may not be available after 2013 for power generation without further exploration and coal based power plant are under considerations. Therefore our options for power generation are Coal and Renewable Energies.


We have noticed that Canadian government has taken major initiatives to close down coal generated plants and move towards environment friendly solutions – mainly Solar and Wind. Bangladesh Government is moving towards the same direction. Bangladesh has a power deficit of at least 5000 MW and it is not possible to overcome the shortage completely with solar plants at this level. However, government is taking necessary action now and has agreed to provide subsidy and support for Solar Power.


At present in the Solar Sector, there are 3 options:


1. To promote Solar Power Projects/Plant to the Government and private sectors as on Turn Key basis.

2. Assembling/Manufacturing Solar Plant in Bangladesh.

3. Propose solar plant to Government under PPP basis.


We are fully ready to support you in any of the three cases. For the second and third options, we shall consider necessary investment.


On a different note, I personally would be a proud Canadian-Bangladesh if I could bring environment friendly Renewable Energy to Bangladesh using Canadian Technology. We are therefore inviting you to work in the solar sector with Radiant Corporation.


Please do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions or comments.


Radiant Corporation will be eagerly waiting for your valued reply.


Thank you very much for your time.


Best Regards,



S. A. Bahadur

President & CEO

Radiant Corporation

Park West, Level-5, Suite-B/4

37, Suhrawardy Avenue

Baridhara, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh

Tele:  +880-2-9863055, 8831643, 9891204

Mobile: +880-1711-548690, +880-1711-655190

Fax :  +880-2-8829900

E-mail: bahadur@optimaxbd.net; contactrad@optimaxbd.net

Web: www.radiant-org.com



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Monday, October 25, 2010




From: EIA_eLists@eia.gov [mailto:EIA_eLists@eia.gov]
Sent: Monday, October 25, 2010 3:56 PM
To: Electricity Products Notification
Subject: WHOLESALE POWER MARKET DATA: October 25, 2010


Energy Information Administration (EIA) Logo - Need Help? 202-586-8800







The Day-Ahead Power Price and Volume Reports for select ICE (IntercontinentalExchange) hubs have been updated through October 15, 2010. 


See the data for the current reporting period at:  http://www.eia.gov/cneaf/electricity/wholesale/wholesale.html?src=email



Carolyn Moses
Phone: 202-287-6314
Email: carolyn.moses@eia.gov



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Phone: 202-586-5140
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Home sales up in September, but more troubles ahead - San Jose Mercury News

Biz Break: It's official: Silicon Valley's job market may be bouncing back - San Jose Mercury News

Sunday, October 10, 2010

Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Reactor Talks Falter - NYTimes.com

Constellation would not agree to offtake its own power and they and EDF would not guarantee a not-to-exceed price to implement. Looks like the nuke boys think they don’t have to have an offtake or a construction guarantee like the rest of us.



Friday, October 8, 2010

Reducing cost/improving efficiency in solar modules - Photovoltaics World


Reducing cost/improving efficiency in solar modules Tom Adcock, Anja
Henckens, Henkel Corporation, Irvine, CA USACurrent module assembly
methodologies based on solder processes, while effective for today's cell
dimensions, are challenged by the move to thinner, larger solar cells.The
much discussed and highly sought after grid parity for solar technology is
arguably the primary driver for widespread, mainstream adoption of solar
electricity solutions. While significant advance has been made over the last
decade, the higher cost as compared to the price tag of traditional grid
power has left consumers a bit lukewarm when it comes to photovoltaics (PV).
But new advances may help change this dynamic and push the industry ever
closer to heretofore elusive grid parity. Figure 1. Soldered
interconnection; silicon pull-out from the cell is observed [4].Reigning
crystalline silicon (c-Si) cell technology, which currently accounts for
approximately 80% of the photovoltaic (PV) market, today has an efficiency
of roughly 15% and an average module end unit price per Watt peak (Wp) of US
$2.00 - $2.50 (or, a production cost in the range of US $1.50 - $1.80 per
module). Indeed, the performance of c-Si cells is what has led to their
market dominance and, while thin-film modules are a lower cost solution from
a production point of view, their current status as the less efficient of
the two technologies has limited implementation - at least for now. Figure
2. Adhesive shows good adhesion to the tab and bus bar: a cohesive failure
mode is observed [4].Improving solar conversion efficiency in tandem with
reducing raw materials and high volume production costs is imperative for
the growth of PV technology. It has been estimated that a turnkey system
price should be in the range of US $2.50 - $3.00 per Wp and that full
production (taking into account other factors than just the system alone)
costs averaging $1.25 per Wp are the target needed to reach grid parity
[1].In this work, we focus on c-Si module assembly and how new developments
in materials and processing techniques can help lower overall manufacturing
costs, thus enabling further adoption of solar systems.Challenges with
current c-Si module assemblyWhile there are subtle variations on the
assembly methodology used for c-Si modules, generally speaking, the
production process is as follows: the metallized c-Si cells are connected
into a string and then different strings are joined to form the module.
Pre-applied solder-metallized copper ribbon is used to achieve the
electrical connection between the different cells and strings. String
formation (cell interconnection) is accomplished by attaching the ribbon
from the top of one cell at the bus bar parallels to the bottom side of the
adjoining cell at the silver or silver-aluminum backside firing paste. To
date, the dominant interconnect materials used to make these copper ribbon
connections have been tin-lead (SnPb) eutectic solders.But market factors
are now challenging conventional SnPb solder's future role as the most
viable interconnect solution for crystalline photovoltaic modules. First,
legislative measures that have been implemented at the board assembly level
dictate the elimination of lead from solder materials and it's likely this
will come to pass in the PV market as well. If so, it means that higher melt
point (250° to 260°C) lead-free solders would be required and, for thinner
and more temperature-sensitive solar substrates, these processing
requirements may be insurmountable. Second, the push to reduce costs and
extend efficiency by incorporating thinner and larger c-Si cells is
problematic for solder processes as cells may crack or break during
soldering [2, 3]. In addition, the rigid nature of the interconnect and the
coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch between the silicon and
copper tabs may also result in damage to the silicon while in service, thus
decreasing module efficiency or inducing complete failure. The solder itself
can also crack, which causes lower module efficiency through greater
electrical resistance [1]. These issues have therefore forced module
assemblers to seek alternative interconnect methods for modern, thinner c-Si
cells.Electrically conductive adhesives provide possible solutionCurrent
c-Si cell thicknesses are generally in the 180 micron range and, at this
dimension, solder connection processes are still relatively robust and
arguably the most cost-effective solution. But solder's dominance is being
upended as the PV industry pushes toward cells as thin as 160µms over the
next 24 months, and below 120µms soon thereafter. Not only are the
thicknesses of the cells being reduced, but the viable live area is also
being increased. Current 6" x 6", 180µm cells will give way to 8"x 8", 160µm
cells in the not too distant future. Figure 3. New ECA shows stable contact
resistance at 85°C and 85% relative humidity (RH).Because these dimensions
will be required to achieve grid parity (thinner silicon reduces materials
cost), alternative materials will be needed for cell connection as soldering
processes will induce stresses that these more fragile cells cannot
withstand. At the same time, these new interconnect materials must be as
effective a conductor as solder and provide equal or greater reliability.
Figure 4. Next-generation ECA also exhibits contact resistance stability
when subjected to thermal cycling.Recently, there have been advances in
electrically conductive adhesive (ECA) technology that are proving to
deliver the conductivity, throughput, limited stress and flexibility needed
to make thinner, larger solar cell modules a high volume production
reality.These newer-generation ECAs provide significant advantages over
their solder counterparts, including lower temperature processing, fast
curing and unmatched flexibility, to name a few. Solder attachment processes
for traditional tin-lead solders require reflow temperatures of around
220°C, while emerging lead-free soldering dictates temperatures in the 250°C
to 260°C range. These higher temperature processes are not conducive to
assembly of thinner, larger cells, as the CTE mismatch between the silicon
and the copper tabs will likely cause cell cracking or
breakage.Newer-generation ECAs, however, resolve this issue by enabling a
very low cure temperature of 150°C. In addition, the cure time of these
latest ECAs has been reduced to a mere five seconds, which is consistent
with that of solder processes. The greater flexibility of the adhesives,
along with the lower temperatures required for curing induce much lower
stresses than that of solder, as can be seen in Figs. 1 and 2 [4]. Figure
5. Peel strength of the novel ECA is equal to or better than solder. Solder
peel strength is about 3N/mm.Not only are solder processing temperatures a
concern for modern, thinner cell assembly, but the inherent rigidness of
solder connections - even low melt solders— also introduces stress onto the
cell as it exists in the module. This can result in cracking or breaking
either during assembly or in the field, conditions that both contribute to
lower yields and higher costs. So, the flexibility afforded by ECAs is
another key advantage. This flexibility allows for a better matching of CTE
and also provides the ability to use thicker tabbing ribbons, which reduces
shadowing and improves solar cell efficiency. Thicker, narrower ribbons can
only be used if there is a connection method that can withstand the stress.
ECAs deliver the flexibility required for use of thicker ribbons while
solder arguably cannot.Aside from all of these compelling advantages,
though, the fact remains that ECAs must deliver equal or better performance
to that of solder in order to be considered a viable alternative. Testing of
a newer-generation ECA confirms such a performance, with good adhesion to
both Ag and SnPbAg coated tabs, very stable contact resistance on Ag firing
paste of c-Si cells in both damp heat and thermal cycling (Figs. 3 and 4)
and a peel strength equal to or better than solder (Fig. 5)In addition to
the advantages delivered for assembly of c-Si solar cell modules, some of
the more recently formulated ECAs can also be used for thin-film solar cell
processes in situations where assembly firms require fast cure times.Future
developments: back contact panel assembly and ECAsAs solar cell technology
progresses, more innovative cell and module design, assembly methods and
materials are being considered to facilitate higher efficiency and lower
cost. One such development is a module assembly process using back (or rear)
contact solar cells. In the case of back contact solar cells, which
encompass both metallization wrap through (MWT) and emitter wrap through
(EWT) designs, the negative and positive poles may be contacted at the back
of the cell. The interconnect of these cells is achieved either through the
use of ribbon technology or by a conductive pattern built into the module
back foil [1].With back contact panel assembly, ECAs are also proving their
advantages as the most flexible, low stress, low temperature method of
module assembly. Already the ultra-fast cure times, flexibility and equality
to solder performance have been confirmed. What's more, some ECAs can be
cured alongside the ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) lamination cure profile,
which further reduces process steps and, therefore, lowers cost. Future
developments of ECAs for back contact modules will focus on long-term
reliability and compatibility with lower-cost back contact foil metals. For
today's standard copper back contact foils, an ECA solution is already
available. Compatibility with aluminum is currently in development, with a
viable, commercial ECA expected to hit the market in 2011/2012.ConclusionThe
cost of solar energy has been reduced significantly over the last five
years, but further improvements are required to reach grid parity. Current
module assembly methodologies based on solder processes, while effective for
today's cell dimensions, are challenged by the move to thinner, larger solar
cells. New electrically conductive adhesives that deliver fast cure times,
low temperature processing and superior flexibility are providing the robust
interconnect required for higher yield, higher efficiency and, therefore,
lower cost assembly of modern PV modules.For the solar industry to push
toward mainstream adoption, significant changes to older manufacturing
methods must occur and electrically conductive adhesives are leading the way
- not just for current c-Si front to back contact designs, but for c-Si back
contact structures and thin-film solar modules as well. ECAs may well be the
technology that leads the future of solar cell
production.AcknowledgementsThe authors would like to thank ECN for providing
the images of the peel strength evaluation.References1. W. Sinke, "Stringing
it Out; Innovative solar module assembly technology," Renewable Energy
World, March/April 2008.2. A. Henckens, H. Goossens, et al.,
"Short-circuiting Corrosion: Overcoming problems when bonding electronic
components without solder," European Coatings Journal, May 2010.3. I.J.
Bennett, et al., "Low-stress interconnection of solar cells," 22nd European
Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Sept. 2007.4. ECN Experimental Report
on Electrically Conductive Adhesives, not published (internal report).Tom
Adcock received his BS in chemical engineering from Lehigh U. and is a
Marketing Manager at Henkel Corp., Assembly Electronics Group, 14000
Jamboree Rd., Irvine, CA 92606 USA; ph.: 949-789-2500; email
tom.adcock@us.henkel.comAnja Henckens received her PhD in polymer/organic
chemistry from the U. of Hasselt, Belgium and is a Research Chemist at
Henkel Corp.More Photovoltaics World Issue ArticlesPast PVWorld Issues
 Recent Photovoltaics News Pre-configured solar PV array debuts from
KACO, eIQ Energy Energy research: Where SRC program is headed PV
inverter enclosure standardization driven by consolidation, cross-industry
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FW: Amtech Total Orders Reach a Record $187 Million in Fiscal 2010; Solar Orders Total a Record $161 MillionBusiness WireOctober 5, 2010

One of the best indicators of, and immediate precursor to manufacturing
capacity expansion. Signals sunny skies if you are on the buy-side.

-----Original Message-----
From: rvan@tnag.net [mailto:rvan@tnag.net]
Sent: Friday, October 08, 2010 2:21 PM
To: Monty Bannerman
Subject: Amtech Total Orders Reach a Record $187 Million in Fiscal 2010;
Solar Orders Total a Record $161 MillionBusiness WireOctober 5, 2010 Amtech
Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: ASYS), a global supplier of production and automation
systems and related supplies for the


Amtech Total Orders Reach a Record $187 Million in Fiscal 2010; Solar Orders
Total a Record $161 MillionBusiness WireOctober 5, 2010 Amtech Systems,
Inc. (NASDAQ: ASYS), a global supplier of production and automation systems
and related supplies for the manufacture of solar cells, semiconductors, and
silicon wafers, today announced it has booked a record $187 million in total
orders in its 2010 fiscal year ended September 30, 2010, including a record
$161 million in solar orders. For the fourth quarter ended September 30,
2010, total orders were $49 million, including $41 million in solar
orders.J.S. Whang, Chief Executive Officer of Amtech, commented, "The record
total orders we have generated this fiscal year reflect our continued
success in supporting our existing customers and an increasing number of top
tier solar customers that recognize our superior solar diffusion technology.
We continue to see excellent quotation activity and remain focused on
continued successful execution of our solar growth strategy and further
expanding our solar market share." About Amtech Systems, Inc. Amtech
Systems, Inc. manufactures capital equipment, including silicon wafer
handling automation, thermal processing equipment and related consumables
used in fabricating solar cells and semiconductor devices. Semiconductors,
or semiconductor chips, are fabricated on silicon wafer substrates, sliced
from ingots, and are part of the circuitry, or electronic components, of
many products including solar cells, computers, telecommunications devices,
automotive products, consumer goods, and industrial automation and control
systems. The Company's wafer handling, thermal processing and consumable
products currently address the diffusion, oxidation, deposition, PECVD, and
PSG removal steps used in the fabrication of solar cells, semiconductors,
MEMS and the polishing of newly sliced silicon wafers. Statements contained
in this press release that are not historical facts may be forward looking
statements within the meaning of the Private Litigation Reform Act. Such
statements may use words such as "proposed," "anticipate," "believe,"
"estimate," "expect," "intend," "predict," "project" and similar expressions
as they relate to Amtech Systems, Inc. or our management. When we make
forward-looking statements, we are basing them on our management's beliefs
and assumptions, using information currently available to us. Although we
believe that the expectations reflected in the forward looking statements
are reasonable, these forward-looking statements are subject to risks,
uncertainties and assumptions including the risks discussed in our filings
with the Securities and Exchange Commission. If one or more of these risks
materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual
results may vary materially from what we projected. Any forward looking
statements contained in this press release reflect our current views with
respect to future events and are subject to these and other risks,
uncertainties and assumptions relating to our operations, results of
operations, growth strategy and liquidity. We have no intention, and
disclaim any obligation, to update or revise any forward-looking statements,
whether as a result of new information, future results or otherwise.
Copyright 2010 Business Wire, Inc. Business Wire Wire News provided by
Photovoltaics World Article Categories: Photovoltaics   Test and Reliability
Silicon Photovoltaics   BOS Components
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FW: JA Solar secures RMB 30 bln-credit line from CDBChina Knowledge NewswireOctober 4, 2010

The train is rolling. Get crackin' or get out of the way.


JA Solar secures RMB 30 bln-credit line from CDBChina Knowledge
NewswireOctober 4, 2010 JA Solar Holdings Co Ltd has acquired RMB 30
billion worth of credit line from China Development Bank for output
expansion, sources reported. The photovoltaic product maker, listed on the
NASDAQ Stock Exchange in 2007, hopes to increase its global market share
from current less than 10% to 15% in the future. Last year, the company sold
509 megawatts of solar cells, ranking No. 6 in the world. As of first half
of this year, its sales totaled 583 MW, making it the largest maker of PV
product in the world. JA Solar, which has an annual production capacity of
1,800 MW, has increased its sales goal for 2010 from 1,000 MW to 1,350 MW.
In a PV exhibition recently held in Spain, JA Solar inked supply contracts
to supply 500 MW of PV products in 2011. Copyright 2010 China Knowledge
Press Pte Ltd.All Rights Reserved China Knowledge Newswire Wire News
provided by Photovoltaics World Article Categories: Photovoltaics   Test
and Reliability Silicon Photovoltaics   BOS Components Thin Film Solar Cells
  Wire News CPV   PV World Magazine Current Issue Equipment and Materials
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Six countries dominate clean energy patents, UN-backed study finds

Japan still benefiting from staying with PV when the US (and everyone else)
abandoned it in the Carter years. Other than that, we are still cranking
pretty well on the innovation scale.


Six countries dominate clean energy patents, UN-backed study findsM2
PressWIREOctober 1, 2010 September 30, 2010 Innovations in clean energy
technologies are concentrated in six countries - Japan, the United States,
Germany, the Republic of Korea (ROK), France and the United Kingdom -
according to a new United Nations-backed study.The study, jointly produced
by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), the European Patent Office (EPO) and
the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD),
found that the six nations, led by Japan, hold nearly 80 per cent of all
patents in the field of clean energy. It looked into some 400,000 patent
documents and aimed to examine the effect of patents on the worldwide
transfer of such technologies, including solar photovoltaic, geothermal,
wind and carbon capture. The report also contains the first-ever survey on
licensing practices in the clean energy arena. "Far from being a drag on
economies and innovation, international efforts to combat climate change
have sparked technological creativity on low-carbon, resource-efficient
Green Economy solutions," said UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner. "The
challenge now is to find ways in which these advances can be diffused,
spread and transferred everywhere so that the benefits to both economies and
the climate are shared by the many rather than the few." Patentis and clean
energy: bridging the gap between evidence and policy found that patent
activity surged with the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, showing
that political decisions can be crucial in stimulating the development of
technologies considered to be crucial in confront climate change. Patenting
rates in several clean energy technologies have grown 20 per cent annually
since then, outpacing traditional energy sources of fossil fuels and nuclear
energy, the study said. It also found that there is limited licensing
activity in developing countries, but 70 per cent of survey respondents said
they are prepared to offer more flexible terms when licensing in poorer
nations. Copyright 2010 Normans Media LimitedAll Rights Reserved M2
PressWIRE Wire News provided by Photovoltaics World Article Categories:
Photovoltaics   Test and Reliability Silicon Photovoltaics   BOS Components
Thin Film Solar Cells   Wire News CPV   PV World Magazine Current Issue
Equipment and Materials PV World Archives Advertisement
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FW: Cleantech Group Finds Global Clean Technology Venture Investment on Course, Despite a Decline in 3Q10 Investment/PR Newswire

Technology sector still choppy due to overcapacity and earlier over-hype.

-----Original Message-----
From: rvan@tnag.net [mailto:rvan@tnag.net]
Sent: Friday, October 08, 2010 2:20 PM
To: Monty Bannerman
Subject: Cleantech Group Finds Global Clean Technology Venture Investment on
Course, Despite a Decline in 3Q10 Investment/PR Newswire


Cleantech Group Finds Global Clean Technology Venture Investment on Course,
Despite a Decline in 3Q10 InvestmentPR NewswireOctober 1, 2010 SAN
FRANCISCO, Oct. 1 /PRNewswire/ -- The Cleantech Group(TM), providers of
leading global market research, events and advisory services for the
cleantech industry, today released preliminary 3Q 2010 results for clean
technology venture investments in North America, Europe, China and India,
totaling $1.53 billion across 152 companies.Cleantech venture investment was
down by 30 percent compared to the previous quarter ($2.18 billion) and was
also 11 percent lower than the same period a year ago ($1.71 billion).
However, through the first three quarters of 2010, total investment ($5.73
billion) is already slightly ahead of the full-year 2009 total ($5.69
billion). The number of deals recorded in 3Q10 was 152, a total which will
rise once all investors have completed reporting deals, and is expected to
exceed 2Q10 (when 158 deals were recorded)."After record venture capital
deployment in 1H 2010, a continued low volume of exits and doubts
resurfacing over the strength and sustainability of the global economic
recovery, it is perhaps not surprising that cleantech investment has eased
off on the third quarter," said Sheeraz Haji, President of Cleantech Group.
"Much of this quarter's fall can be attributed to a very notable pull-back
in solar investment compared to earlier in the year, and masks the buoyancy
we are still seeing in sectors such as transportation, biofuels and smart
grid as well as Asia in general. We at the Cleantech Group believe 2010 is
still firmly on course to record the second highest annual volume for
cleantech VC investment ever."Corporations have multi-faceted roles in
cleantech. Any single utility or multi-national could play any or all of the
following roles - investor, partner, customer, acquirer, or competitor. As
such, their activity levels are a key indicator of the health and growth of
the broader market for clean technology products. The strengthening of
corporate commitment to renewable energy and broader cleantech are evident
in the strong growth of multi-national corporate and U.S. utility investment
not only in 3Q10 but also in prior years:Renewable energy Power Purchase
Agreements (PPAs) rose 39 percent quarter over quarter in 3Q10, as utilities
operating in California continued their efforts to meet a 33 percent RPS
target by the end of 2020.PPAs announced by California utilities such as
PG&E and Edison International comprised 87 percent of the total renewable
capacity additions through PPAs announced in 3Q10, as these utilities strive
to meet California's RPS target.3Q10 corporate investments in cleantech were
in line with the average investments in 2008-2009. Investments increased
significantly in 1Q10 and 2Q10, due to some large deals such as the $1.6
billion joint venture between Shell and Cosan in a sustainable biofuels
field, $1.7 billion investment in electric vehicles by Nissan, and $1.1
billion investment in various cleantech segments by General Electric.
General Electric alone accounted for 82 percent of the total 3Q10
investments by corporations, which has been investing heavily in clean
technologies under its Ecomagination initiative which aims at increasing
revenue from green businesses.VENTURE INVESTMENT BY TECHNOLOGY SECTORThe
leading sector in the quarter by amount invested was transportation ($208
million), followed by biofuels ($186 million) and smart grid ($163 million).
Energy efficiency was the most popular sector measured by number of deals,
with 24 funding rounds, ahead of solar (19 deals) and transportation (17
deals). The largest transactions in the top three sectors
were:TRANSPORTATION - $208 million in 17 dealseHi Car Rental, a China-based
car sharing company, raised $70 million in a deal led by Goldman Sachs Group
and also including CDH Ventures, Ignition Partners, and Qiming Venture
Partners; EcoMotors, a Michigan-based developer of an internal combustion
engine with improved efficiency, raised $23.5 million from Khosla Ventures
and Bill Gates; and China-based Anhui ActBlue, a developer of technology to
break down pollutants in the exhaust streams of diesel engines, raised $22
million from Shenzhen Green Pine Capital Partners, IDGVC Partners and
Shenzhen Leaguer Venture Capital.BIOFUELS - $186 million in 9 dealsKior, a
Texas-based developer of a catalytic cracking technology for turning biomass
into bio-crude, revealed that it had raised $110 million from investors
including Khosla Ventures; Solazyme, a California-based developer of
technology for making fuel and bio-products from algae, raised $52 million
in a round led by led by Braemar Energy Ventures and Morgan Stanley and also
including Unilever among others; and SG Biofuels, a California-based
developer of jatropha seeds for biodiesel production, raised $9.4 million
from Flint Hills Resources, and Life Technologies.SMART GRID - $163 million
in 7 dealsTrilliant, a California-based provider of wireless equipment and
management software for smart grid communication networks, raised $106
million from Investor Growth Capital, VantagePoint Venture Partners, ABB and
GE; Nexant, a California-based provider of software and consulting services
for the smart grid, raised $43 million from Oak Investment Partners, Intel
Capital, TeleSoft and Beacon; and eMeter, a California-based developer of
software to enables electric, gas and water utilities to achieve large-scale
smart grid deployments, raised $32 million from Sequoia Capital, Foundation
Capital and Northgate Capital.Also notable was a significant drop in solar
investment. After being the leading sector in 2Q10 ($874 million invested in
25 deals), investment in 3Q10 totaled just $144 million across 18
deals.VENTURE INVESTMENT BY WORLD REGIONNorth America accounted for 61
percent of the total, while Europe and Israel accounted for 25 percent,
China for 10 percent, and India 4 percent.NORTH AMERICA: North American
companies raised $928 million, down 42 percent from 2Q10 and down 15 percent
from the same period a year ago. The total of 70 disclosed rounds was also
down compared to 87 in the previous quarter. The largest deals were for:
Kior ($110 million), a Texas-based developer of a catalytic cracking
technology for turning biomass into bio-crude; Plasco Energy Group ($110
million), a Canada-based developer of waste-to-energy technology, and
Trilliant ($106 million), a California-based provider of wireless equipment
and management software for smart grid communication networks. California
led the way with investment totaling $452 million (49 percent share),
followed by Texas ($126 million, 14 percent) and Ontario ($116 million, 13
percent).EUROPE/ISRAEL: European and Israeli companies raised $382 million,
down 22 percent from 2Q10, and down 28 percent from the same period a year
ago. There were 64 deals, up from 59 in the previous quarter. The largest
deal was for e-Gen, a wind project developer founded in 2009, which raised
$79 million. The UK was top of the country league table, with $187 million
in 25 deals, followed by France, with $77 million in 15 deals.CHINA: Chinese
companies raised $153 million in 11 disclosed rounds. The total amount
invested was larger than any quarter since 2007, while the deal number was a
record. The share of global investment (10 percent) was also higher than any
quarter since 2007. The largest deal was for eHi Car Rental, a
Shanghai-based car sharing company, which raised $70 million in a deal led
by Goldman Sachs Group and also including CDH Ventures, Ignition Partners,
and Qiming Venture Partners.INDIA: Indian companies raised $67 million in 7
disclosed rounds, up from $59 million in 5 rounds in 2Q10. The largest deal
was for UEM Group, a specialist in waste water treatment plants, which
raised $19.3 million from India Value Fund.Also of note were deals for
Japan's Enax, a developer of lithium-ion batteries for the automotive
industry, which raised $41 million from Innovation Network Corporation of
Japan (which includes GE as a founding member) and Korean electric car
company CT&T, which raised $60 million from ELKF Investment Fund.GLOBAL M&As
AND IPOsThere were eight clean technology IPOs during the quarter, totaling
$430 million, down from 22 in 2Q10, totaling $2.31 billion. The largest IPO
was for Ameresco, a Massachusetts-based provider of energy management and
data technology services, which raised $87 million from an offering on the
Nasdaq. Close behind was California's Amyris, a developer of a synthetic
biology platform for the production of fuels and chemicals, which raised $85
million on the same exchange. All the other IPOs during 3Q10 were in Asia,
with five in China (totaling $180 million) and one in India (totaling $78
million).Clean technology M&A totaled an estimated 139 transactions in 3Q10,
of which totals were disclosed for 36 transactions totaling $4.04 billion.
The total number of transactions was down compared to 2Q10, when there were
205 transactions (56 of disclosed value) totaling $5.77 billion. The largest
deal was by U.S. utility Exelon, which acquired John Deere Renewables, the
wind energy subsidiary of engineering firm Deere & Co., for $900 million.
Other notable deals included the acquisition of Green Mountain Energy
Company, a retail provider of clean energy products and services, by
NYSE-listed NRG Energy for $350 million in cash, and Sharp's $305 million
acquisition of US-based solar project developer Recurrent Energy.About the
Cleantech Group, LLCThe Cleantech Group, the leading global research and
advisory firm focused on cleantech innovation, pioneered the clean
technology category in 2002. Today, it helps its clients make critical
business decisions by providing the latest market intelligence through
subscription-based research, custom advisory services, and global networking
events. The company's growing international client base includes global
corporations, investors, entrepreneurs, governments, and service providers.
The company also produces the premier Cleantech ForumR and Focus(TM) events
worldwide, including upcoming events in Amsterdam, San Francisco, New York,
Chicago, and Los Angeles. Details are available at
http://www.cleantech.com.(1) Note that these deals are not included in the
overall investment totals, which only include North America, Europe, China
and India.Nothing herein is intended to be nor should be construed as
investment advice. Cleantech Group, LLC does not recommend that any
financial product should be bought, sold or held by you, and nothing in this
document should be construed as an offer, nor the solicitation of an offer,
to buy or sell securities by Cleantech Group, LLC. You should not make any
investment decision without consulting a fully qualified financial
adviser.WEB SITE: http://www.cleantech.com SOURCE Cleantech Group, LLC
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Conergy expects end of German solar boom in 2011

Looks like their earnings and balance sheet are heading back in the right
direction, though.


Conergy expects end of solar boom in 2011ADP News Renewable Energy
TrackOctober 6, 2010 German solar power group Conergy (ETR:CGY) projects
that the current solar boom in Germany will not continue in 2011 and the
next year will be weaker than the current period, CEO Dieter Ammer said
Monday at the group's annual general meeting.The company's expectations are
based on the reduction in feed-in tariffs for solar energy, which will cause
a decline in newly installed capacity in the country to 4 GW per year.
According to Conergy's estimates Germany will add a record 7 GW of newly
developed facilities in 2010.However, further growth in revenue and
operating profit may be booked in 2011 thanks to the strong positioning of
Conergy outside Germany, Ammer said. The company's international business
currently contributes around half of its total revenue.According to the CEO,
the solar sector will fare well again in 2013 at the latest.The company also
affirmed its forecast for returning to profitability in 2010 and booking
full-year earnings before interest, tax, deprecation and amortisation
(EBITDA) of between EUR 30 million (USD 41.3m) and EUR 40 million.(EUR 1.0 =
USD 1.377) Copyright 2010 AII Data Processing Ltd.All Rights Reserved ADP
News Renewable Energy Track Wire News provided by Photovoltaics
World Article Categories: Photovoltaics   Test and Reliability Silicon
Photovoltaics   BOS Components Thin Film Solar Cells   Wire News CPV   PV
World Magazine Current Issue Equipment and Materials PV World Archives
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Single-crystal films could advance solar cells | ECN: Electronic Component News

Nano scale assembly techniques and carbon nanotubes point the way to the
future, but are a long way to viability.


Single-crystal films could advance solar cells Share: E-mail:
Print: Bookmark: RSS: [-] Text [+] Featured In: Academic Research
Cornell University | Thursday, October 7, 2010 Double-click any
word to search Highlight any phrase & click HotSearch By Bill
Steele Cornell researchers have developed a new method to create a patterned
single-crystal thin film of semiconductor material that could lead to more
efficient photovoltaic cells and batteries. The "holy grail" for such
applications has been to create on a silicon base, or substrate, a film with
a 3-D structure at the nanoscale, with the crystal lattice of the film
aligned in the same direction (epitaxially) as in the substrate. Doing so is
the culmination of years of research by Uli Wiesner, professor of materials
science and engineering, into using polymer chemistry to create nanoscale
self-assembling structures. He and his colleagues report the breakthrough in
the Oct. 8 issue of the journal Science. They used the new method to create
a film with a raised texture, made up of tiny pillars just a few nanometers
across. "Just the ability to make a single-crystal nanostructure has a lot
of promise," Wiesner said. "We combine that with the ability of organic
polymer materials to self-assemble at the nanoscale into various structures
that can be templated into the crystalline material." (A nanometer -- nm --
is a billionth of a meter, about three atoms wide.) Wiesner's research group
previously used self-assembly techniques to create Gräetzel solar cells,
which use an organic dye sandwiched between two conductors. Arranging the
conductors in a complex 3-D pattern creates more surface area to collect
light and allows more efficient charge transport, Wiesner said. Performance
improves the most when the conducting materials are single crystals, Wiesner
said. Most techniques for creating such films produce polycrystalline
material -- a collection of "grains" or small crystals bunched together at
random -- and grain boundaries retard the movement of electric charges, he
explained. Wiesner's method uses block co-polymers to create porous
templates into which a new material can flow and crystallize. A polymer
consists of organic molecules that link into long chains to form a solid. A
block co-polymer is made by joining two different molecules at their ends.
When they chain together and are mixed with metal oxides, one forms a
nanoscale pattern of repeating geometric shapes, while the other fills the
space in between. Burning the polymer away leaves a porous metal oxide
nanostructure that can act as a template. Wiesner's team created a template
with hexagonal pores on a silicon single-crystal substrate and deposited
films of amorphous silicon or nickel silicide over it. In collaboration with
Mike Thompson, associate professor of materials science and engineering,
they then heated the silicon surface with very short (nanosecond) laser
pulses. This melts the newly deposited layer and the top few microns
(millionths of a meter) of the silicon substrate. After only a few tens of
nanoseconds the molten silicon recrystallizes with the single crystal
silicon substrate acting as a seed crystal to trigger crystallization in the
deposited material above it, causing that crystal to line up epitaxially
with the seed. The template is dissolved away, leaving an array of
hexagonal pillars about 30 nm across. The team has made porous
nanostructured films up to 100 nm thick with other complex shapes. In
previous work Wiesner created lattices of cylinders, planes, spheres and
complex "gyroids" by varying the composition of co-polymers. Other materials
could be deposited, the researchers said. The goal here, they said, was to
demonstrate the formation of film with the same material as the substrate
(officially known as homoepitaxy) and with a different material
(heteroepitaxy). In a further proof-of-concept experiment, the researchers
showed that the structured thin film could be arranged in micron-scale
patterns, as might be necessary in designing an electronic circuit, by
laying a mask over the surface before applying laser heating. "We have
essentially gotten to the holy grail," Wiesner said. "It is not only a
nanostructured single crystal, but it has an epitaxial relation to the
substrate. There is no better control." The research was supported by the
National Science Foundation, Department of Homeland Security and Cornell's
Energy Materials Center, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. SOURCE
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FW: Structure of plastic solar cells impedes their efficiency | ECN: Electronic Component News


Structure of plastic solar cells impedes their efficiency Share:
E-mail: Print: Bookmark: RSS: [-] Text [+] Featured In: Industry
News EurekAlert | Thursday, October 7, 2010 Double-click any
word to search Highlight any phrase & click HotSearch A team of
researchers from North Carolina State University and the U.K. has found that
the low rate of energy conversion in all-polymer solar-cell technology is
caused by the structure of the solar cells themselves. They hope that their
findings will lead to the creation of more efficient solar cells. Polymeric
solar cells are made of thin layers of interpenetrating structures from two
different conducting plastics and are increasingly popular because they are
both potentially cheaper to make than those currently in use and can be
"painted" or printed onto a variety of surfaces, including flexible films
made from the same material as most soda bottles. However, these solar cells
aren't yet cost-effective to make because they only have a power conversion
rate of about three percent, as opposed to the 15 to 20 percent rate in
existing solar technology. "Solar cells have to be simultaneously thick
enough to absorb photons from the sun, but have structures small enough for
that captured energy — known as an exciton — to be able to travel to the
site of charge separation and conversion into the electricity that we use,"
says Dr. Harald Ade, professor of physics and one of the authors of a paper
describing the research. "The solar cells capture the photons, but the
exciton has too far to travel, the interface between the two different
plastics used is too rough for efficient charge separation, and its energy
gets lost." The researchers' results appear online in Advanced Functional
Materials and Nano Letters. In order for the solar cell to be most
efficient, Ade says, the layer that absorbs the photons should be around
150-200 nanometers thick. (A nanometer is thousands of times smaller than
the width of a human hair.) The resulting exciton, however, should only have
to travel a distance of 10 nanometers before charge separation. The way that
polymeric solar cells are currently structured impedes this process. Ade
continues, "In the all-polymer system investigated, the minimum distance
that the exciton must travel is 80 nanometers, the size of the structures
formed inside the thin film. Additionally, the way devices are currently
manufactured, the interface between the structures isn't sharply defined,
which means that the excitons, or charges, get trapped. New fabrication
methods that provide smaller structures and sharper interfaces need to be
found." Ade and his team plan to look at different types of polymer-based
solar cells to see if their low efficiencies are due to this same structural
problem. They hope that their data will lead chemists and manufacturers to
explore different ways of putting these cells together to increase
efficiency. "Now that we know why the existing technology doesn't work as
well as it could, our next steps will be in looking at physical and chemical
processes that will correct for those problems. Once we get a baseline of
efficiency, we can redirect research and manufacturing efforts." SOURCE
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OECD GDP growth in t
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Enbridge, First Solar complete world's largest photovoltaic facility

Resurrected RESOP.


Enbridge, First Solar complete world's largest photovoltaic facility October
4, 2010 Source: Enbridge Inc. and First Solar, Inc. Enbridge Inc. (NYSE:
ENB) and First Solar, Inc. (NASDAQ: FSLR) have achieved commercial operation
of the 80-megawatt (MW) Sarnia Solar Project, making it the largest
operating photovoltaic facility in the world. The project complements
Enbridge's significant and growing portfolio of green energy assets that
includes interests in seven wind farms, a geothermal project, four waste
heat recovery facilities and a commercial application of integrated energy
recovery and fuel cell technology. "Our investments in green energy are an
increasingly important part of Enbridge's business," said Al Monaco,
Executive Vice President, Major Projects and Green Energy, Enbridge Inc.
"Over the last year, we added four new projects totaling $1.5 billion,
increasing our total green energy investment to $2 billion and establishing
a solid platform for attractive and sustainable long-term growth with a
risk-return profile consistent with our Liquids Pipelines and natural gas
businesses." "At the same time, our green energy assets deliver strong
environmental benefits," added Mr. Monaco. "Enbridge intends to stabilize
our environmental footprint at 2009 levels under a program that includes a
commitment to generate a kilowatt of renewable energy for every kilowatt of
power our operations consume. We will achieve this goal through projects
like the Sarnia Solar Project." The total generating capacity (in operation
and under construction) of the green energy projects in which Enbridge has
invested is almost 850 MW, which is enough energy to meet the needs of about
292,000 homes. First Solar, a leading manufacturer of photovoltaic (PV)
solar panels and provider of solar solutions, will operate and maintain the
Sarnia Solar Project for Enbridge under a long-term contract. First Solar
developed, engineered, and constructed the facility, using its advanced thin
film solar panels. "Completing the world's largest PV power plant
demonstrates the migration of solar PV toward utility scale," said Frank De
Rosa, First Solar's senior vice president of North American project
development. "With this project, we expect to install 145 MW this year in
North America." In addition to generating about 120,000 MWh per year of
emissions-free power, the Sarnia Solar Project produces no waste and uses PV
technology that was designed to create the smallest carbon footprint of any
PV technology available. Enbridge expects the facility to generate enough
power to meet the needs of about 12,800 homes. Enbridge will sell the power
output of the facility to the Ontario Power Authority pursuant to 20-year
Power Purchase Agreements under the terms of the Ontario government's
Renewable Energy Standard Offer Program. Development of the Sarnia Solar
Project aligns not only with Enbridge's and First Solar's objectives, but
with those of the Government of Ontario. "The Sarnia Solar Project is an
example of the kinds of renewable energy projects that have been developed
under the Government of Ontario's Green Energy Act," said the Honourable
Brad Duguid, Ontario Minister of Energy. "Ontario can now boast the largest
solar farm in North America - it is projects like this one that are making
us a leader in renewable energy and helping us all move towards a cleaner
energy future." "This is a significant project that not only helps power
local homes and businesses with clean, renewable energy, but improves our
air quality at the same time," said Maria Van Bommel, MPP for
Lambton-Kent-Middlesex. "I'm proud that a McGuinty government policy is
helping Sarnia-Lambton take the lead on solar power." Sarnia Solar Energy at
a glance: Capacity peak: about 80 MW of emissions-free power Power
purchaser: Ontario Power Authority Facility size: Located on 950 acres Panel
surface area: about 966,000 square metres, which is about 1.3 million thin
film panels (First Solar) Annual yield: about 120,000 MWh CO2 saving: over
39,000 tonnes per year Jobs created: About 800 jobs created at construction
peak, as well as indirect benefits to dozens of businesses in the Sarnia
area, including engineering and design firms, construction subcontractors,
suppliers and service providers.

Thursday, October 7, 2010

Intellectual Property Law Alert: New FTC Green Guides Are Out of the Gate

Relevant links included.


From: Stoel Rives LLP [mailto:stoel_rives@stoel.com]
Sent: Thursday, October 07, 2010 9:58 PM
To: Bannerman, Monty
Subject: Intellectual Property Law Alert: New FTC Green Guides Are Out of the Gate


If you have difficulty viewing this email, please click here:

Intellectual Property Law Alert

New FTC "Green Guides" Are Out of the Gate

October 7, 2010

Following several years of development, and much anticipation in recent months, the Federal Trade Commission has finally released the "Proposed, Revised Green Guides" yesterday.  The new Green Guides will be open for public comment until December 10, 2010. Thereafter, according to the agency's press release, the FTC will determine if and how to issue the new Guides.

The proposed, revised Green Guides are summarized here and published with analysis and comment here. The FTC invites public comments here.

The current official Green Guides, last updated in 1998, provide non-binding "interpretations" of federal consumer protection laws, including Section 5 of the FTC Act (15 U.S.C. § 45), which empowers the agency to punish deceptive practices. In general, the Guides establish that false or deceptive environmental marketing claims can be challenged under the FTC Act. The Green Guides also provide instruction and interpretations of marketing buzz words that were popular in 1998, such as "biodegradable," "compostable," "recyclable," "refillable," and "ozone safe."

The proposed new Green Guides address the terms found in the 1998 edition, but also address several new issues that arise in present-day green marketing, including:

  • environmental seals of approval,
  • "free-of" and "non-toxic" claims,
  • carbon offsets,
  • claims concerning renewable energy, and
  • claims about renewable materials.

The proposed Green Guides reinforce and restate the FTC's policy that environmental marketing claims should be supported by credible scientific evidence. In addition, the proposed Guides discourage sweeping unqualified claims. For example, the Guides explain that an unqualified claim that a product is "eco-friendly" is inherently deceptive. In contrast, a simple clarification – if it can be substantiated – may be acceptable. The Guides state that a claim such as "eco-friendly: made with recycled materials" is not deceptive if the clarification is prominent and can be proven.

For the most part, the Green Guides don't represent a radical shift from the 1998 version. On a careful reading of the revised Guides and the preceding 186 pages of FTC analysis and comment, it's clear that the fundamental issue is deception. It's deceptive to say your product has 50% more recycled contents than it used to, when your product only increases recycled content from 2 percent to 3 percent. It's deceptive to mark your product with your own green "seal of approval" and not disclose that you made up the seal yourself. It's deceptive to claim that you'll plant trees to offset carbon emissions from your products, when it will take 10 years for the trees to get big enough to actually offset those emissions.

Ultimately, it does not appear that the FTC is proposing a major shift in regulations. The key question for any environmental marketing claim remains the same: is the claim "deceptive" under Section 5 of the FTC Act? But the even bigger question is: how will enforcement change? Last February, The New York Times reported that the FTC has filed seven complaints concerning environmental marketing claims since President Obama took office (compared to zero during the prior administration). If enforcement remains at that level, there can't be substantial application of the new Green Guides. Then again, given the rapid growth of environmental marketing claims in recent years, the FTC's renewed interest in this subject, and the threat of state consumer fraud actions, it would be imprudent to disregard the new Guides.

If you have any questions about this update, please contact:

Jere Webb at (503) 294-9460 or jmwebb@stoel.com
Ken Odza at (206) 386-7595 or kmodza@stoel.com
Jay Eckhardt at (503) 294-9189 or jneckhardt@stoel.com  

If you currently subscribe to Stoel Rives client alerts, click here to update your contact information and preferences. To join the Stoel Rives mailing list and ensure direct delivery of future alerts, click here to subscribe.



This is a publication of the Stoel Rives Intellectual Property Law Group for the benefit and information of clients and friends. This bulletin is not legal advice or a legal opinion on specific facts or circumstances. The contents are intended for informational purposes only. Copyright 2010 Stoel Rives LLP.

View this and other Legal Updates on the web at: http://www.stoel.com/resources.aspx?show=3.

This communication may be considered attorney advertising under the rules of some states. Information found in our electronic publications and on www.stoel.com is for general informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice nor a solicitation of legal business. No attorney-client relationship attaches as a result of any exchange of information, including emails that are sent from or to the Firm. Please do not send us confidential information or sensitive materials. Unsolicited information sent to Stoel Rives by personswho are not clients of the firm is not subject to any duty of confidentiality on the part of the firm. Furthermore, prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome.

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Sunday, October 3, 2010

FW: Solar Highways

Down the roadJ


From: albertpope@earthlink.net [mailto:albertpope@earthlink.net]
Sent: Sunday, October 03, 2010 11:29 AM
To: Monty Bannerman; Chick W
Subject: Fw: Solar Highways


Sent from my Verizon Wireless BlackBerry

From: "Ralph L. Pope" <ralph@agritec.net>

Date: Sun, 3 Oct 2010 08:41:17 -0400

To: <albertpope@earthlink.net>

Subject: FW: Solar Highways


could be good for new housing developments in Arizona, California etc. if the cost is good.


-----Original Message-----
From: anne depasquale [mailto:annedepasquale@gmail.com]
Sent: Saturday, October 02, 2010 3:54 PM
To: anne depasquale
Subject: Fwd: Solar Highways

A great idea:


Bryan Canniff Designs
281 West 11th Street
New York, NY 10014
212 929-4613
917 319-1224


Sharp to Supply Thin Film Modules for 58 MW Solar Project (Sep 27, 2010)

Friday, October 1, 2010

The transition from oil

A great interview analysis of the challenges for our society in the infrastructure transition. If you have 45 minutes to listen.





Monty Bannerman

ArcStar Energy



Iraq Country Analysis Brief Released - October 2010

Oil, oil everywhere. No coal, hydro, nukes or renewables.


From: EIA_eLists@eia.gov [mailto:EIA_eLists@eia.gov]
Sent: Friday, October 01, 2010 4:33 PM
To: Country Analysis Briefs - All Countries
Subject: Iraq Country Analysis Brief Released - October 2010


Energy Information Administration (EIA) Logo - Need Help? 202-586-8800


Iraq has begun to develop its oil and natural gas reserves after years of sanctions and wars but will need to develop its infrastructure in order to reach its production potential.


For all the latest information on the energy situation in Iraq see the updated Country Analysis Brief:







(202) 586-8800



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